I am broadly interested in the causes, nature and outcomes of political violence, insecurity of minority groups, state repression, civilians in conflict zones and forms of resistance. I use a variety of qualitative and quantitative methods in my research, with a focus on qualitative and quantitative approaches to using text as data, "big data" for social science research, statistical analysis, network approaches, in-depth qualitative interviews, archival research, and am delving into online ethnography.

You can see my current CV here.

Ongoing Research Projects

Working Book Manuscript: The Built Environment Of Conflict

States today regularly encounter a tension between defending their public from “terrorist” threats (real and imagined) that challenge their security, on one hand, and avoiding overtly targeting minority subsets of their populous with undue rights restrictions, on the other. A purportedly innocuous solution for states is to increase “nonviolent” measures of state control—such as checkpoints and closure obstacles—actions, which states justify as necessary to ensure security. In a working book manuscript, I develop a theory of the tangible, daily effects of the“built environment of conflict.” I define this as the human-made, physical structures placed in civilian living spaces designed to achieve social control in times of war or conflict.

I argue that state’s built environment of conflict are material manifestations of state power which certain, targeted citizens experience as violence. Because many more people pass through checkpoints, past guard towers, and around closure obstacles then experience direct violence (being shot, for example), these built environments in become a powerful symbol of the state. This state power selectively surveilles and disciplines individual behavior; disrupts social and community life; inhibits economic productivity; and instills physical violence, humiliation, and frustration. These experiences fodder anger against the state and increase support for a range of modalities of resistance, including “existence as resistance” efforts, nonviolent resistance movements, and militancy. But because these built environments are constructed and imposed on top of communities in different ways (often intentionally targeting minority communities), they also structure and vary the nature and texture of resistance in those spaces. I explore this dynamic and the tension between the conception of terrorism and states’ use of built structures to dominate subsets of the populous—as well as considering how this impacts popular resistance to state violence—with reference to Great Britain, Israel and the United States.

Internment, Torture and Pro-government Militia in Northern Ireland (with Sarah K. Dreier and Dani Villa, and supported by Michael McCann and Noah Smith (co-PIs))

How do liberal democracies justify policies that violate the rights of targeted subsets of their citizenry? When facing national security emergencies (real or imagined) which threaten a state's sovereignty or national narratives, government officials in countries throughout the world exempt themselves from maintaining certain rights-based protections and selectively surrender their commitments to democratic legal processes. States target select racial, religious, or ethnic groups—often construed as foreigners who threaten existing laws or institutions — with extrajudicial surveillance, internment without trial, or torture. In democracies with liberal constitutions, such repressive state policies directly violate basic constitutional guarantees to liberty, equal protection, and due process. Understanding how these rights protections are eroded is of central importance to this political moment. This project sheds light on these dynamics through systematically analyzing the British Prime Ministers’ recently declassified security-related correspondence files, which document the lead up to, as well as the internal discussions and decisions about, Northern Ireland’s use of internment without trial between 1971 and 1973, using a combination of qualitative process tracing and NLP methods. This project is funded by National Science Foundation Law and Social Science Award #1823547 - “Civil Rights Violations and the Democratic Rule of Law,” (Emily K. Gade, Principal Investigator, with co-PIs Michael McCann and Noah Smith, 2018-2020). 

Big Bombs and Militant Networks (with Bree Bang Jensen and Patrick Peirson)

I am currently working with a research team of graduate and undergraduate students from Emory and the University of Washington to evaluate the role of the Syrian state’s use of weapons of mass distribution (as well as foreign airstrikes) on the patterns of alliance formation and infighting among militant groups in the Syrian Civil War. We will also evaluate how and whether the use of more extreme violence by one militant group affects the use of violence by other militant groups in the network. This project is funded by United States Air Force  Academy Young Investigator Award #FA7000-18-0017 — "Understanding the Impacts of WMD/WME Attacks on Patterns of Militant Group Tactical Cooperation, Alliance Formation, Infighting, Outbidding, and Extremism" (Emily K. Gade, Principal Investigator, 2018-2020). 

Rebel Consolidation (with Mike Gabbay (PI) and Mohammed Hafez (co-PI), and Marcella Morris and Megan Erickson)

I am currently working with a research team from the University of Washington, the Naval Postgraduate School and Emory University to evaluate the process of rebel consolidation in civil conflict. While numerous studies have evaluated that process of rebel framengation, no comprehensive analysis of the causes and process of rebel consolidation (both cooperative and conflictual) has yet been conducted. We are in the early phases of addressing this research gap. This work is supported by a grant from the Minerva Initiative/U.S. Army Research Office Award #75193-LS-MRI, ``Rising to the Top: Armed Group Consolidation in Civil Wars and Fragile States," (Michael Gabbay, Principal Investigator, with co-PIs Emily K. Gade and Mohammed Hafez, 2019-2022).

Revise and Resubmit/Under Review

“Social Connection and Support for Resistance,'' Emily K. Gade. Being revised for resubmission as a Revise and Resubmit at the American Political Science Review. 

“Congressional Religiosity:  A Web Archive Approach to Measuring Legislator Attributes," Emily K. Gade, Sarah Dreier, John Wilkerson and Anne Washington. Research note; under review as a Revise and Resubmit at the British Journal of Political Science.

“What Counts as Terrorism? Racial Heuristics and Terrorism Designations among U.S. Mass Shootings," Emily K. Gade, Dallas Card, Sarah Dreier and Noah Smith. Under review.

“Dangers, Toils, and Snares: U.S. Senators' Rhetoric of Public Insecurity and Religiosity," Sarah Dreier, Emily K. Gade, Jon Schaeffer, and John Wilkerson. Under review.

“Titillating Violence in Political Science Research," Anna Zelenz and Emily K. Gade. Under review.

Published Journal Articles

Gade, Emily K., Michael Gabbay, Mohammed Hafez and Zane Kelly. “Networks of Cooperation: Rebel Alliances in Fragmented Civil Wars,” OnlineFirst at the Journal of Conflict ResolutionSee here for replication files.

Gade, Emily K., Mohammed Hafez, and Michael Gabbay. "Fratricide in Rebel Movements: A Network Analysis of Syrian Militant Infighting," OnlineFirst at the Journal of Peace Research. See here for replication files.

Gade, Emily K., John Wilkerson, and Anne Washington. “The .GOV Internet Archive: A Big Data Resource for Political Science,” The Political Methodologist, March 2017See here for replication files.

Eastin, Joshua C. and Emily K. Gade. “Beheading the Hydra: Counterinsurgent Violence and Insurgent Attacks in Iraq.” Terrorism and Political Violence. Published Online, June 2016. See here for replication files.

Gade, Emily K. "Defining the Non-Combatant: How Do We Determine Who Is Worthy of Protection in Violent Conflict," Journal of Military Ethics, Vol. 9, No. 3 (2010): 220-243.

Gade, Emily K. "Child Soldier: The Question of Self Defense," Journal of Military EthicsVol. 10, No. 4 (2011): 323-326.